In Tanzania, about 92% of the rural population use firewood to meet their daily cooking needs. 16.3% use charcoal, often in combination with firewood or other form of cooking fuel, including electricity, Liquefied Petroleum Gel (LPG), Biogas, Kerosene, Coal, Briquettes, Pellets, Others (animal dung, etc.). The large majority of those using wood fuel (firewood or charcoal) as primary energy source, use inefficient (three-stone) stoves.
In the meeting, the Consultants, represented by Mari Sofie Furu, Multiconsult; Jean Paul Laude, IED, and Ndilanha Arksafad, TaTEDO, presented results of analyses of demand for energy resources for, mainly household, cooking purposes. The analyses of a 'business as usual' scenario, in which current trends will continue until 2030, show that the demand for biomass as energy resource for cooking will grow tremendously. This is despite recent trends of increased LPG use in cities, as well as biogas plants being developed, and electricity becoming available in ever more rural areas.
The SE4ALL sets ambitious targets for development of the cooking energy sub-sector. Simulating the assumed consumption patterns if the SE4ALL targets are achieved, the demand for biomass will decrease to about half; but this is considered a highly ambitious and optimistic scenario. Achieving the market development required for other fuel types for cookig energy will demand significant efforts from a range of stakeholders, and not least assume a positive inclination among the population to change their cooking habits. Experience shows that the ability of such transition, especially among the rural population, is limited.
Based on the analyses of resource demand projections and implications of the various scenarios, the consultant proposed a set of targets for an Improved Cooking Action Plan, which reflect an ambitious approach, but assumed to be realistic given considerable efforts from both population, private sector, civil society and governmental institutions.
After the meeting, the Consultant submitted an interim report on Cooking Energy: Demand analyses and Projectsion and Targets for the Improved Cooking Action Plan.
The report can be downloaded from the Publications page.